Document Type: Regular Article
Kosar University of Bojnord, Department of Applied Chemistry, North Khorasan, Iran
Faculty of Chemistry Science and Petroleum, Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
A co-impregnation method was applied to the Ni/Zr-HMS/HZSM-5 catalyst (with various amounts of zirconium) during the hydrogenation of benzene. The physicochemical properties of the prepared nickel catalyst were characterized using X - ray diffraction, X - ray fluorescence, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia, H2 chemisorption, N2 adsorption - desorption, and thermogravimetric analysis. The catalytic performance was assessed on a fixed-bed reactor (reaction temperature between 130 °C and 190 °C). The results indicated that the nickel catalyst with Si/Zr = 35 exhibited better catalytic performance and stability than others, so providing a better selectivity in long-term performance.