Silver Nanoparticle Trypsin Corona Formation and the Impacts on Enzymatic Potency

Document Type: Regular Article

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. Evin, Tehran, Iran, P.O.Box: 19835-389.

2 Protein Research Center (PRC), Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. Evin, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Biology, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. Evin, Tehran, Iran, P. O. Box: 19835-389.

4 Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. Evin, Tehran, Iran, P. O. Box: 19835-389.

Abstract

Herein, the protein corona formation on the spherical metal nanoparticles was studied to investigate the possible effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the protein activity and conformation. The digestion capability of trypsin was monitored on the human serum albumin (HSA) at standard enzymatic hydrolysis conditions in the absence and presence of different concentrations of AgNPs. So the ratio of enzyme:HSA, the duration and the temperature of nanoparticle treatment were evaluated. The activity of treated trypsin molecules, in the form of hard (HC) and soft corona (SC) were studied using sodium dodecyl sulfate poly acrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and nano liquid chromatography electrospray (ion trap) mass spectrometry (nano LC-ESI/MS, LC-ESI/MS). In addition the characteristics of silver nanoparticles and the formation of HSA corona on the nanoparticle surface were monitored using ultra-violet/visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and fluorescence spectrophotometry. The results demonstrated that not only the corona formation but also the AgNPs/Trypsin interaction, decreases the hydrolysis potency of trypsin. Furthermore, the encountering of the AgNPs/HSA could influence both nanoparticles and HSA molecule features. Accompanied with fluorescence study, that the HSA secondary structure. Also LC-ESI/MS data revealed the most affected HSA triptics have α-helix structure.

Graphical Abstract

Silver Nanoparticle Trypsin Corona Formation and the Impacts on Enzymatic Potency

Keywords