Spin-polarized transport through a zigzag-edge graphene flake embedded between two armchair nanoribbons electrodes

Document Type: Regular Article

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Abstract

We study the coherent spin-polarized transport through a zigzag-edge graphene flake (ZGF), using Hubbard model in the nearest neighbor approximation within the framework of the Green function’s technique and Landauer formalism. The system considered consists of electrode/ (ZGF)/electrode, in which the electrodes are chosen to be armchair nanoribbons. The study was performed for two types of electrodes i.e., armchair-edge graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) and armchair-edge boron-nitride nanoribbons (ABNNRs). Our calculations of the electronic and transport properties of these systems show that both systems posses spin filtering properties, while the spin filtering is higher in the full graphene system than the second system with boron nitride nanoribbon electrodes. The spin filtering in these systems is due to the interaction of the spin of the carriers with the local zigzag-edge magnetism in ZGF. However, the reduction of the spin filtering property in the case of the system with boron-nitride nanoribbon electrodes could be due to the decrease in the effective spin interaction of boron atoms in the contact sites and magnetization of the zigzag-edge of the ZGF.

Graphical Abstract

Spin-polarized transport through a zigzag-edge graphene flake embedded between two armchair nanoribbons electrodes

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