Document Type: Regular Article
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Semnan University,Semnan,Iran
Department of Chemistry, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Gas Research Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Tehran, Iran
The Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) activities of cobalt-based catalysts supported on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and functionalized carbon nanotubes (FCNTs) are investigated in this work. The cobalt-based catalysts are synthesized by the reverse micro-emulsion technique using a non-ionic surfactant, and characterized by the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, X-ray diffraction, H2 chemisorption, temperature program reduction, and transmission electron microscopy techniques. The activities of the synthesized catalysts are evaluated in terms of the FTS production rate (g produced hydrocarbons /g.cat./h) and selectivity (percentage of the CO converted to hydrocarbon products). According to the TEM results, the synthesized cobalt nanoparticles have a narrow size distribution and are mostly confined inside the functionalized CNTs (FCNTs) . These nanoparticles are highly reducible as evidenced by the reduction peaks of the FCNT catalyst shifting to low temperatures. In comparison to non-functionalized CNT, FCNT increases the FTS rate and CH4 selectivity and decreases the C5+ selectivity as a catalytic support. In addition, the FCNT support preserves the high dispersion and reducibility of cobalt, which can be attributed to the hydrogen spill-over effect of the functional groups present on the CNT surface.