Document Type: Regular Article
Department of chemical engineering, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran,
School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800,Penang, Malaysia
Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Shomal University, PO Box 731, Amol, Mazandaran, Iran
The refractive index (n_D ), viscosity(η) and density (ρ) values of the poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) 300,400 and 600 + water , zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate and aluminum sulfate + water binary and their ternary solutions have been measured at 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure. In this work, the effect of concentration (0.05-0.3 %w/w), PEG molecular weight and type of cation on the n_D,η and ρ of the mention binary and ternary mixtures have been explored. Furthermore, the experimental measurements were applied to compute the refractive index deviation (Δn_D), viscosity deviation (Δƞ), the apparent specific volume (V_φ), excess molar volume (V^E) and excess Gibbs energy of activation for viscous flow〖ΔG〗^(≠E)) for the analysis of the behavior of the solutions. Δn_D and V^E were fitted to the Cibulka and a third-order Redlich–Kister polynomial models to estimate the interaction parameters. The intermolecular interactions between the mixing components were demonstrated by the obtained data from the calculated functions.