N-Heterocyclic Plumbylenes (NHPbs) at Theoretical Levels

Document Type: Regular Article

Authors

Department of Chemistry, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-175, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Plumbylenes are reactive intermediates whose discovery and characterizations are of great significance. Here, ten novel plumbylenes are introduced and characterised. A comparison is made between novel 1,4-di(R)tetrazol-5-plumbylenes (IR) with their corresponding 1,3-di(R) isomers (IIR), at DFT (R = H, Me, Et, i-Pro, and t-Bu). Every one of our plumbylenes (IR or IIR) appears less stable, with a lower band gap (ΔΕHOMO-LUMO), and a higher nucleophilicity (N) than its corresponding carbene (I´R or II´R). For both IR and IIR plumbylenes the trend of N values emerges consistent with the size of substituents (t-Bu > i-Pro > Et > Me > H). Every IIR shows a higher N than its corresponding IR. Except IIH, every IIR emerges more aromatic than its related IR. The N of both IR and IIR appears directly proportional to the size of R, proton affinity (PA), and plumbylene bond angles (N—((Pb) ̈ ) ̂—N); while it is inversely proportional to electrophilicity (ω), and ΔΕHOMO-LUMO.

Graphical Abstract

N-Heterocyclic Plumbylenes (NHPbs) at Theoretical Levels

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