Document Type : Regular Article
Laboratory of Organic Electrolytes and Polyelectrolytes Application (LAEPO). Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Tlemcen University, B. P. 119 13000 Tlemcen, Algeria
The structural evolution of cost-effective organo-clays, i.e. bentonite modified with various loadings of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, from 50 to 200% of the cationic exchange capacity, was investigated. The materials BAS were prepared and then characterized by XRD, FTIR, and ATG/DTG analysis. The increase in the basal spacing, from 1.13 to 1.78 nm, was a sufficient confirmation that the surfactant cations were intercalated within the interlayer spaces of bentonite (BA). Batch adsorption experiments were performed to evaluate the adsorption efficiencies of Methylene Blue, Bezathren Red, and Telon Blue dyes on the surfactant-modified bentonite from an aqueous solution. In addition, the kinetic data were found to follow the pseudo second-order model for the adsorption processes of all three dyes. Afterwards, the equilibrium data were analyzed using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models, and the Langmuir isotherm model turned out to be the most suitable to describe the adsorption of these dyes. It is worth indicating that the calculated Langmuir maximum adsorption capacities increased from 74 to 166.67 mg/g for Methylene Blue, from zero to 111.1 mg/g for Bezathren Red, and from zero to 500 mg/g for Telon Blue. The adsorption process was found to be endothermic in nature, in all cases.