Removal of Congo Red from Aqueous Solution Using Cuttlefish Bone Powder

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

1 Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Moléculaire, Faculté Poly-disciplinaire, Université Cadi Ayyad, BP 4162, 46000 Safi, Maroc

2 Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Moléculaire, Faculté Poly-disciplinaire, Université Cadi Ayyad, BP 4162, 46000 Safi, Maroc

10.22036/pcr.2021.278943.1901

Abstract

Adsorption experiments were carried out as part of the removal of Congo red (CR) as textile dye from aqueous solutions by using the powder of Cuttlefish bone (Sepia) as a new potential adsorbent. The prepared powder was characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM, and elemental analysis. The effects of solution pH, adsorbent amount, CR concentration, temperature and contact time on the adsorption of CR studied were investigated. The experimental results showed that maximum pH was about 2 for efficient uptake of CR. The equilibrium was attained in 60 min. The adsorption of Congo red was exothermic in nature (ΔH° = 8.41 kJ/mol), while the positive value of entropy 20.85 J/mol.K indicated that the increasing randomness at the solid/liquid interface. The experimental data were analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich isothermal models. The best fit was obtained by Langmuir model with a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 69.9 mg/g. adsorption kinetic data were properly fitted with the pseudo second-order kinetic model.

Graphical Abstract

Removal of Congo Red from Aqueous Solution Using Cuttlefish Bone Powder

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